As the title “the science of everyday thinking” suggests, this course will help you to think more precisely in decision-making using scientific approach even about your health claims, personal beliefs, and personality attributes. Sound knowledge of some basic intuitions, heuristics, illusions, fallacies, errors, and biases would be a valuable tool to change your judgment about the world. As it is actually more different and deceiving than you previously think it should be.
At the end of this course, you will be able to avoid some common mistakes which people, belonging to every field of life, usually commit without even any intention, whether they are examining the patient, preparing for exams, conducting an experiment, judging someone’s character, making an opinion and also presenting a murder case in the court. In all sorts of these events, the involvement of the human mind makes them less reliable and most of the time you only confirm your previous expectations. Once you have learned that how to learn, it is quite certain that you will be analytical, skeptical, creative and productive in your daily life circumstances.
The course is comprised of 12 episodes, designed for three months with six working hours in each. Along with a proper explanation of the contents, it also includes some amazing discussions with notable personalities around the globe. Nicely conducted by Jason Tangen and Matthew Thompson at ‘TheUniversity of Queensland’, it has been made equally interesting and informative both for a certified person in the field of psychology and the one who does not have any previous knowledge and experience at all.
Some of the important key lessons from the course are given below:
1. Reconstructive memories: We don’t find memories but reconstruct them from bits and pieces with a lot of errors. It is also possible to implant false memories and confidence is not a good indicator in this regard.
2. Naive Realism: To think that there is a one-to-one relationship between our perception and the reality of the world. It is to say, “what I perceive is correct.”
3. A Focusing Illusion: “Rich people are happier!” Being happy and or to be comfortable are two different things and we falsely conceive the rich ones as happier than us because we are focusing only one thing at a time.
4. The power of unconsciousness: We have no insight into our own behavior and we are the slave of our unconsciousness all the time. We still don’t know how the mind works during solving any problem.
5. A Planning fallacy: Our plans mostly fail because nature always brings the balance in every act for which we always move towards average (regression towards mean).
6. The Confirmation Bias: We always look for the facts which confirm our beliefs.
7. The Interview Illusion: Sitting in an interview and working in the field are two different things and one cannot surely assess someone’s behavior in the field based on how well he performs in the interview. There is no correlation between the actual impacts of things on people’s mood and the way they report it.
8. Availability Heuristics: What sort of information, we are exposing ourselves to, shapes the way we perceive the world.
9. Gambler’s Fallacy: After getting six heads in a row, the chances of getting one more head are still only 50 percent.
10. Smart and Critical Thinking: A smart thinker always knows what he does not know, the more a critical mind learns something the more it wants to learn further.
11. Imperfect Predictions: The angle we adapt to see the world changes the entire view. And one will not believe that the clock rotates in an anti-clockwise direction when it is seen from its back.
12. One-sided Event: “The phone always rings whenever I am taking the shower.” We don’t consider many other things which don’t happen except the one which confirms what we already think.
13. Blind Experiment and Observer’s Effect: Without knowing what to expect can make our judgment very precise. A teacher can check the papers more fairly when he does not know the name of a student.
14. Wrong Personality Traits: ”Once a cheater is always a cheater.” We focus on the actor, not the situation but in fact situation prompts the character.
15. The Channel Factor: If you want people to adapt your ideology and be comfortable with your beliefs, spread the idea among them and keep instigating it until they stop to resist alternation.
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